Table 2.

Examples of studies in which soil models have been used to quantify ecosystem services.

Ecosystem services and soil processesNumerical package to model this ecosystem service or soil processReferences
Supporting processes
Soil formationSoilGen2Finke (2012), Finke and Hutson (2008)
Soil-Landscape ModelMcBratney et al. (2006)
Orthod ModelHoosbeek and Bryant (1994)
mARM3DCohen et al. (2010)
MILESDVanwalleghem et al. (2013)
Water cyclingHYDRUS 1DKarimov et al. (2014)
WaSim-ETHKrause and Bronstert (2007)
Community Land Model (CLM)Wu et al. (2014b)
SiSPAT-IsotopeBraud et al. (2005)
SWAPvan Dam et al. (2006)
Nutrient cyclingHP1Thaysen et al. (2014)
RothCDungait et al. (2012)
CenturyParton et al. (1993)
SWAPPerego et al. (2012),
Bonfante et al. (2010)
Biological activityDEMENTAllison (2012, 2014)
Soil food web modelHoltkamp et al. (2011)
Degrading processes
SalinizationHYDRUS-2DRamos et al. (2012)
UNSATCHEMSchoups et al. (2006)
SALTMEDRagab (2002)
SODICvan der Zee et al. (2014)
SWAPJiang et al. (2011)
ErosionKINEROSNedkov and Burkhard (2012)
WEPPSavabi et al. (1995)
SIDASSSimota et al. (2005)
CompactionSTICS/COMPSOILDéfossez et al. (2014)
SOCOMOVan den Akker (2004)
SOILFLEXKeller et al. (2007)
Regulating services
Climate regulationCLM4.5Oleson et al. (2013)
SWAPPollacco and Mohanty (2012)
Buffering and filteringHP1Leterme et al. (2014)
SWAPBonten et al. (2012)
Recycling of wastesDSCB Dynamic Soil Composition BalanceMoolenaar et al. (1997), Moolenaar and Beltrami (1998)
MACROSteffens et al. (2015)
PEARLTiktak et al. (2004)
Provisioning services
Biomass production for food, fiber and energyAPSIMRobertson et al. (2002), Luo et al. (2005), Yang et al. (2014)
DSSATPequeno et al. (2014), Shi et al. (1997), Li et al. (2015), Wajid et al. (2014)
DAISYGhaley and Porter (2014)
ORCHIDEE-STICSde Noblet-Ducoudré et al. (2004)
CLMOleson et al. (2013)
SWAPKroes and Supit (2011)
Physical supportVolumetric Soil ModelSheng et al. (2008)
Slope Stability ModelArrouays et al. (2014)
BBAAlonso et al. (1990)
RipRootPollen-Bankhead and Simon (2009)
Soil and habitatSelf_orgCrawford et al. (2011)