- Soil Science Society of America
We present a comprehensive review of methods to measure soil water content with ground penetrating radar (GPR). We distinguish four methodologies: soil water content determined from reflected wave velocity, soil water content determined from ground wave velocity, soil water content determined from transmitted wave velocity between boreholes, and soil water content determined from the surface reflection coefficient. For each of these four methodologies, we discuss the basic principles, illustrate the quality of the data with field examples, discuss the possibilities and limitations, and identify areas where future research is required. We hope that this review will further stimulate the community to consider ground penetrating radar as one of the possible tools to measure soil water content.
- CMP, Common-MidPoint
- CPT, cone penetrometer
- GPR, ground penetrating radar
- MOP, multi-offset profile
- SWC, soil water content
- TDR, time domain reflectometry
- VRP, vertical radar profiling
- WARR, Wide Angle Reflection and Refraction
- ZOP, zero offset profile
- Received March 13, 2003.